Barclays and BNP Paribas reported bumper first-quarter profits on Friday, as an equities trading boom offset a slump in demand for fixed income products.
The topsy-turvy trading results for two of Europe’s biggest remaining investment banks highlighted how volatile markets amid the global pandemic caused seesawing demand for different asset classes.
Barclays’ January-March profit more than doubled to 2.4 billion pounds from 923 million pounds a year ago, while its French rival said net profit rose 37.9% to 1.77 billion euros($2.14 billion), both beating analyst forecasts.
But a relatively sluggish performance by their traditionally strong fixed income trading businesses lagged rivals, including Deutsche Bank (DBKGn.DE), JP Morgan (JPM.N) and Goldman Sachs (GS.N).
Analysts expressed concerns about rising costs at both banks, which put pressure on their shares.
BNP Paribas shares fell 1%, while Barclays shares fell 6%.
Barclays said its 2021 costs would be higher than 2020, which CEO Jes Staley told reporters was partly due to the need to boost trader pay to compete with U.S. rivals.
Fahed Kunwar, analyst at Redburn, said: “The concern on costs is not a new phenomenon for Barclays – the question is whether management can deliver the revenues, and ultimately higher levels of profitability, to justify these increased costs.”
Barclays took an impairment charge of just 55 million pounds compared with 2.1 billion pounds in the same period a year ago, while BNP Paribas said its similar measure fell 37% to 896 million euros.
Barclays’ approach contrasted however with bullish moves by rivals such as HSBC (HSBA.L) and Lloyds (LLOY.L) to release big chunks of provisions set aside for potential soured loans.
European banks have generally been more cautious on provisioning for bad loans than U.S. peers such as JPMorgan, which earlier this month released more than $5 billion.
The bumper equities performances from the two banks partly made up for thin returns from fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC), where client demand slumped.
Barclays reported a 35% decline in FICC income, while at BNP Paribas it fell 16% as interest rate and foreign exchange-related products in particular fell out of favour.
“We would have liked to do better than we did on FICC, we take a prudent approach to risk,” Barclays CEO Staley told reporters.
The bank said that within FICC a strong performance in credit trading was undermined by weaker demand for macro-related products and lower overall demand compared with a year ago.
Rival banks which have already published first-quarter earnings seemed to dodge the fixed income decline, with Deutsche Bank’s (DBKGn.DE) fixed-income and currency sales revenue increasing 34% while Goldman Sachs (GS.N) reported a 31% rise in such trading.
For Barclays and BNP Paribas, the equities trading boom coincided with a flood of corporate listings in Europe. The turnaround in equities was timely for BNP Paribas in particular, after earnings in the first quarter a year ago were wiped out by losses related to dividend-linked derivatives as European companies suspended payouts.
The listing bonanza bolstered Barclays’ banking advisory business within its investment bank, as income rose 35% to 859 million pounds from fees for advising on equity fundraisings.
The generally strong performance in the past few years from Barclays’ investment bank has vindicated Staley’s backing of the business, during a period when activist shareholder Ed Bramson urged him to cut it back.